A toothache is a painful condition that occurs in or around the tooth. A transient gum irritation that can be treated at home can cause minor toothaches. More significant toothaches are caused by dental and mouth issues that don’t go away on their own and require treatment from a dentist.
Anything from a popcorn husk lodged in your gums to a fractured tooth or a bacterial infection might trigger a toothache. Some toothaches are caused by gum irritation that lasts only a few days. Serious toothaches, on the other hand, necessitate dental care to alleviate the pain and fix whatever issue is causing it.
Common Causes of Toothaches
Toothaches can be caused by any of the following;
1. Tooth decay.
2. Abscessed tooth (a bacterial infection inside the center of the tooth).
3. Tooth fracture (broken tooth).
4. A damaged filling.
5. Repetitive motions, such as chewing gum or grinding or clenching teeth. These motions can wear down the teeth.
6. Infected gums.
7. Tooth Eruption (teeth coming out of the gums) or removal of a tooth (for example, wisdom teeth).
8. Injury to the jaw.
Symptoms Accompanying Toothaches
A person experiencing toothaches may also have the following symptoms;
1. Tooth pain that may be sharp, throbbing, or constant.
2. In some people, pain results only when pressure is applied to the tooth (biting down on something).
3. Swelling around the tooth.
5. Foul-tasting drainage from the infected tooth.
6. A bad odor from the mouth
Home Remedies for Toothaches
1. Use of Pain Relieving Medications
Many people find that taking over-the-counter (OTC) pain relievers like acetaminophen (Tylenol) or ibuprofen (Advil) is a quick and easy approach to effectively treat mild-to-moderate toothaches. If your toothache is severe, you should visit a dentist and ask about stronger pain medicines.
2. Use a cold compress
A cold compress might help relieve dental pain. Applying an ice bag wrapped in a towel to the injured side of the face or jaw constricts the blood vessels in the area, reducing pain and allowing a person to fall asleep.
Applying a cold compress to the area for 15–20 minutes every few hours in the evening may also assist to relieve pain before bedtime.
3. Head Elevation
Blood pooling in the brain can lead to further discomfort and inflammation. Some people find that raising their heads with an extra pillow or two helps them relieve the pain and promotes sleep.
4. Rinse with a warm saltwater solution
Saltwater has the ability to dislodge material between your teeth, disinfect, and relieve irritation. Use a half teaspoon of salt in a glass of warm water to thoroughly rinse your mouth.
5. Rinse with hydrogen peroxide
Inflammation and pain can be reduced by a 3 percent solution of hydrogen peroxide. Rinse carefully after diluting hydrogen peroxide with equal parts of water. Do not swallow it.
6. Clove essential oil
A natural antibacterial that lowers inflammation and numbs the pain. Apply a tiny amount of clove oil to the sore area with a cotton ball. Alternatively, mix a drop of clove oil with a small glass of water and thoroughly rinse your mouth.
7. Vanilla extract
The alcohol in vanilla extract momentarily relieves pain, while the antioxidants in the extract aid in the healing process. Apply the extract to the tooth and gums with your fingertips or a cotton ball several times a day.
8. Tea with peppermint
With a cooled peppermint tea bag, apply the calming effects of peppermint to the hurting area. Place a heated tea bag to your teeth and gums.
Apply a paste made from a crushed garlic clove to the afflicted area. Garlic kills bacteria and relieves pain (it contains the antibacterial allicin).
See a Doctor
If your toothache is becoming worse, temporary pain alleviation from home won’t be enough.
Once it becomes evident that the problem in your mouth is worsening despite your best efforts, contact your dental professional.