A toothache is a discomfort in or around a tooth that is typically caused by decay, a fracture, or gum disease. Many of them — but not all — require dental treatment, and some are dental emergencies.
The quickest approach to relieve a toothache at home is to take ibuprofen (Advil) or another nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID), such as aspirin. NSAIDs are the most effective pain relievers for toothache.
If your toothache persists for more than 1-2 days, is extremely painful, causes your face to droop, or is accompanied by fever, pain when opening your mouth, or an earache, see your dentist immediately.
For toothache caused by tooth decay, your dentist may recommend dental fillings, extractions, or root canal therapy.
To avoid toothaches caused by cavities, maintain proper oral hygiene, use a remineralizing toothpaste containing hydroxyapatite or fluoride, avoid cavity-causing foods and beverages, and never skip dental appointments.
Home Remedies for Toothaches
1. Use of Pain Relieving Medications
Many people find that taking over-the-counter (OTC) pain relievers like acetaminophen (Tylenol) or ibuprofen (Advil) is a quick and easy approach to effectively treat mild-to-moderate toothaches. If your toothache is severe, you should visit a dentist and ask about stronger pain medicines.
2. Use a cold compress
A cold compress might help relieve dental pain. Applying an ice bag wrapped in a towel to the injured side of the face or jaw constricts the blood vessels in the area, reducing pain and allowing a person to fall asleep.
Applying a cold compress to the area for 15–20 minutes every few hours in the evening may also assist to relieve pain before bedtime.
3. Head Elevation
Blood pooling in the brain can lead to further discomfort and inflammation. Some people find that raising their head with an extra pillow or two helps them relieve the pain and promotes sleep.
4. Rinse with a warm saltwater solution
Saltwater has the ability to dislodge material between your teeth, disinfect, and relieve irritation. Use a half teaspoon of salt in a glass of warm water to thoroughly rinse your mouth.
5. Rinse with hydrogen peroxide
Inflammation and pain can be reduced by a 3 percent solution of hydrogen peroxide. Rinse carefully after diluting hydrogen peroxide with equal parts of water. Do not swallow it.
6. Clove essential oil
A natural antibacterial that lowers inflammation and numbs pain. Apply a tiny amount of clove oil to the sore area with a cotton ball. Alternatively, mix a drop of clove oil with a small glass of water and thoroughly rinse your mouth.
7. Vanilla Extract
The alcohol in vanilla extract momentarily relieves pain, while the antioxidants in the extract aid in the healing process. Apply the extract to the tooth and gums with your fingertips or a cotton ball several times a day.
8. Tea with peppermint
With a cooled peppermint tea bag, apply the calming effects of peppermint to the hurting area. Place a heated tea bag on your teeth and gums.
Apply a paste made from a crushed garlic clove to the afflicted area. Garlic kills bacteria and relieves pain (it contains the antibacterial allicin).