Painful urination, known as dysuria is a burning sensation felt when one urinates. Dysuria is more frequent in women, and men might experience it, especially when they’re older. The most frequent symptom of a urinary tract infection is painful urination. Treatment depends on the underlying cause.
In the majority of cases, urinary tract infections (UTIs) are associated with dysuria and occur in women more frequently than in men. People who are at an increased risk of urinary frequency include pregnant women, people with diabetes, and those with bladder disease.
Symptoms of Painful Urination
For both men and women, symptoms of painful urination typically include a burning, stinging, or itching sensation. The most frequently reported symptom is burning.
It’s possible to experience pain at the beginning or after urinating. The pain you feel when you begin to urinate is likely a sign of a urinary tract infection. It can be a symptom of a problem with the bladder or prostate if you have pain after you’ve urinated. Pain might last in your penis long after you urinate, as well.
Internal or exterior symptoms might occur in women. Inflammation or irritation of the vaginal skin may produce pain outside your vaginal area. Internal pain is a sign that you have a urinary tract infection.
Causes of Painful Urination
Painful urination may be caused by several factors (dysuria). Urinary tract infection is the most prevalent cause of painful urination in women. Urethritis and certain disorders of the prostate frequently result in painful urinating.
Painful urination can be caused by:
- Bladder stones
- Chlamydia trachomatis
- Cystitis (bladder inflammation)
- Drugs, such as those used in cancer treatment, that have bladder irritation as a side effect
- Genital herpes
- Having a recent urinary tract procedure performed, including use of urologic instruments for testing or treatment
- Kidney infection (pyelonephritis)
- Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs)
- Soaps, perfumes, and other personal care products
- Urethral stricture (narrowing of the urethra)
- Urethritis (infection of the urethra)
- Urinary tract infection (UTI)
- Yeast infection (vaginal)
When To See Your Doctor
If you feel any discomfort or burning when you urinate, see your doctor. A medical issue that requires treatment may be the cause of frequent urinary tract infections. To find out what’s causing your pain, your doctor will first want to know everything there is to know about your medical history, including information on any illnesses you may have such as diabetes or immunodeficiency disorders.
Your sexual history may be asked to discover whether a sexually transmitted infection may be the cause of your pain. Men could potentially require tests to check for STIs if they get a discharge from their penis or women could experience a discharge from their vagina. Pregnancy tests are typically performed on women who are of childbearing age.
You will be asked about any currently prescribed and over-the-counter medications you use, as well as any “home remedies” you have tried to treat the discomfort of a urinary tract infection.
The physician will additionally want to know what your present symptoms are and get a clean catch sample of your urine. White blood cells, red blood cells, or foreign substances may be detected in your urine sample. Your doctor will be able to identify if you have inflammation in your urinary tract by the presence of white blood cells.
If a urine culture confirms the presence of bacteria in your urinary tract, then you have a urinary tract infection (and the bacteria are the culprits). Your doctor will be able to choose the antibiotic that is most effective for treating the bacteria by utilizing this information.
Your healthcare professionals may offer additional tests to examine your bladder or prostate, as long as you have no signs of infection in your urine sample (in men). to look for infection in the lining of your vagina or the urethra (in women).