Muscle pain can occur in any of the body’s muscles. Muscle pain can be caused by injury or overuse, soft tissue infections, or inflammatory disorders. A number of diseases, such as influenza, can cause broad aches and pains that are misinterpreted as muscle pain.
Muscle pain can be isolated to a single muscle group or it can be widespread, affecting numerous muscle groups. Muscle pain is most usually limited to one place owing to injury or overuse.
Almost everyone experiences sore, aching muscles from time to time. Muscle pain can affect a single muscle or your entire body, and it can range from mild to severe.
Although most muscle aches and pains go away on their own within a few days, muscle pain can sometimes last for months. Muscle pain can occur in practically any part of your body, including your neck, back, legs, and hands.
Causes of Muscle Pain
Tension, stress, overuse, and small injuries are the most frequent causes of muscle pain. The pain is usually limited, affecting only a few muscles or a small portion of your body.
Systemic muscle pain, or discomfort that affects your entire body, is more typically caused by an infection, disease, or a pharmaceutical adverse effect.
Common causes of muscle pain include:
Lack of sleep
Sleep deprivation can have serious consequences for the body. Sleep allows the body to rest and recover, and if a person does not receive enough sleep, their muscles may ache.
People who do not get enough sleep may feel lethargic and slow. It has the potential to impair people’s capacity to think clearly and make it more difficult for them to carry out daily chores.
The body’s ability to combat disease is hampered by stress. Muscles may ache in persons who are sick or stressed as the body tries to fight inflammation or infection.
Exercising too much can result in stiff, aching muscles.
Muscle aches and pains might occur if a person’s diet lacks the necessary nutrients. Vitamin D is very crucial in ensuring that the muscles work properly. Vitamin D aids calcium absorption, and a shortage can result in hypocalcemia. Hypocalcemia is a condition in which the calcium level in the blood is abnormally low, affecting the bones, organs, and muscles.
Sprains and strains
Muscle pain and discomfort can result from sprains, strains, and other types of injuries. If a specific portion of the body is injured, it may feel stiff and achy.
Some sprains and strains do not require treatment, but the symptoms can be alleviated by resting, using OTC pain medications, or applying heat to the affected area. It is recommended to see a doctor if the injury is causing substantial discomfort, hindering normal movement, or not improving with time.
Some medical explanations for myalgia include:
- fibromyalgia, especially if aches and pains last longer than 3 months
- chronic fatigue syndrome
- myofascial pain syndrome, which causes inflammation in muscular connective tissues called fascia
- infections, such as the flu, polio, or bacterial infections
- autoimmune disorders such as lupus, dermatomyositis, and polymyositis
- use of certain medications or drugs, such as statins, ACE inhibitors, or cocaine
- thyroid problems, such as hypothyroidism or hyperthyroidism
- hypokalemia (low potassium)
Associated Symptoms of Muscle
Along with the tightness and pain in their muscles, some persons who have muscle aches may have the following symptoms:
- signs of infection, such as redness and swelling
- stiffness and weakness in the affected area
- a rash
- a bite mark
- difficulty breathing
Treatment of Muscle Pain
Depending on the cause, these steps may help you feel better:
- Rest and elevate the painful area.
- Alternate between ice packs to reduce inflammation and heat to improve blood flow.
- Soak in a warm bath with Epsom salts or take a warm shower.
- Take over-the-counter pain relievers (aspirin, acetaminophen, ibuprofen, naproxen).
- Try complementary therapies, such as massage, meditation, or acupuncture.