Back pain is relatively common among people. Muscle or tendon strain in the back might cause it. Arthritis, structural difficulties, and disk injuries are also other causes. However, pain frequently goes away if you give your body time to relax, seek physical therapy, and take medication. Losing weight and being physically active will help you avoid low back pain.
Because low back pain can arise from many various causes, most typically an injury to muscles or tendons in the back, it is vital to be aware of all possible causes before determining treatment.
The level of pain varies greatly. Sometimes, it is hard or impossible to walk, sleep, work, or conduct simple tasks because of discomfort.
Low back pain normally improves when you try to relax, use painkillers, and receive physical therapy (PT). Osteopathic or chiropractic manipulation is an effective method for relieving pain and speeding up the healing process. Surgical correction is required for several types of back problems and injuries.
Causes of Low Back Pain
Injury to a muscle (strain) or ligament is a common cause of back pain (sprain). Strains and sprains can be caused by a variety of factors, including inappropriate lifting, bad posture, and a lack of consistent exercise. Overweight people are more likely to suffer from back strains and sprains.
Back pain can also be caused by arthritis and other age-related changes in the spine, as well as more catastrophic injuries like a vertebral fracture or a ruptured disk, and infections.
Low back pain can be caused by a variety of factors, including:
- Ankylosing spondylitis
- Herniated disk
- Kidney infection (pyelonephritis)
- Kidney stones
- Poor posture
- Rheumatoid arthritis (inflammatory joint disease)
- Spinal fractures
- Spinal stenosis
How To Relieve Low Back Pain
- One of the most important things you can do is to be as active as possible and to continue with your everyday routines.
- Try exercising and stretching exercises for back pain, but also try to engage in other physical activities such as walking, swimming, yoga, and pilates.
- Take anti-inflammatory pain relievers, such as ibuprofen. Double-check that the medicine is safe for you before taking it, and consult a pharmacist if you’re unsure.
- For short-term relief, try hot or cold compression packs – These are available at pharmacies, but a hot water bottle or a bag of frozen veggies wrapped in a cloth or towel will suffice.
Although it may be tough, staying hopeful and accepting that your discomfort will improve will help. People who can maintain a positive attitude in the face of adversity recover more quickly.
When To See The Doctor
Back pain normally improves on its own over the course of a few weeks or months, and you may not need to see a doctor or other healthcare provider.
But it’s a good idea to get help if:
- Pain that doesn’t get better after about a week of at-home care.
- Tingling, numbness, weakness or pain in your buttocks or legs.
- Severe pain or muscle spasms that interfere with your normal activities.
- Fever, weight loss, bowel or bladder problems or other unexplained symptoms.