Leg pain can be caused by conditions of the bones, joints, muscles, tendons, ligaments, blood vessels, nerves, and skin. Leg pain can occur in any part of the leg, including the foot, ankle, knee, behind the knee, thigh, along the back of the leg, and anywhere else.
Depending on the cause, it can happen at any time of day or night, when lying down, running, or exercising. Leg pain can affect either one or both legs, depending on the underlying cause. Leg pain can be caused by a wide range of diseases and injuries since the leg comprises so many distinct structures and tissue types.
Leg pain is usually caused by tissue inflammation brought on by an accident or disease. Inflammation of any of the tissues of the leg might result in leg pain due to an injury or a chronic condition.
Causes of Leg Pain
Wear and tear, overuse, or injury to joints or bones, as well as muscles, ligaments, tendons, and other soft tissues, are the most common causes of leg pain. Leg pain might be linked to issues with your lower spine in some cases. Blood clots, varicose veins, and poor circulation can all cause leg pain.
Some causes of leg pain include:
- Peripheral neuropathy
- Stress fractures
- Osteochondritis dissecans
- Knee bursitis (inflammation of fluid-filled sacs in the knee joint)
- Growth plate fractures
- Posterior cruciate ligament injury
- Paget’s disease of bone
- Shin splints
- Osgood-Schlatter disease
- Osteoarthritis (disease-causing the breakdown of joints)
- Bone cancer
- Torn meniscus
- Night leg cramps
- Ankylosing spondylitis
- Juvenile idiopathic arthritis (formerly known as juvenile rheumatoid arthritis)
- Rheumatoid arthritis (inflammatory joint disease)
- Legg-Calve-Perthes disease
- Reactive arthritis
- Psoriatic arthritis
- Meralgia paresthetica
- Peripheral artery disease (PAD)
- Hamstring injury
- Septic arthritis
- Spinal stenosis
- Gout (arthritis related to excess uric acid)
- Thrombophlebitis (a blood clot that usually occurs in the leg)
- Deep vein thrombosis (DVT)
- Growing pains
- Patellar tendinitis
- ACL injury (tearing of the anterior cruciate ligament in your knee)
- Herniated disk
- Patellofemoral pain syndrome
- Baker’s cyst
- Osteomyelitis (a bone infection)
- Broken leg
- Chronic exertional compartment syndrome
- Muscle cramp
- Bursitis (joint inflammation)
- Varicose veins
- Achilles tendon rupture
- Achilles tendinitis
- Popliteus tendinitis
- Muscle strain
Associated Symptoms of Leg Pain
- a tingling sensation, may accompany leg pain.
- aching, or
- joint pain
- leg swelling
Treatment of Leg Pain
Leg pain caused by cramps or a mild injury can typically be treated at home. If your leg pain is caused by muscle cramps, weariness, or overuse, try the following home remedies:
- Rest your leg as much as possible, and elevate your leg with pillows.
- Take an over-the-counter pain reliever, such as aspirin or ibuprofen, to help ease discomfort as your leg heals.
- Wear compression socks or stockings with support.
Apply ice to the affected area of your leg four times a day at the very least. In the first few days after the pain develops, you can do it even more regularly. You can ice for up to 15 minutes at a time.
After soaking in a warm bath, gently stretch your muscles. If your lower leg hurts, try pointing and straightening your toes while sitting or standing. If you have pain in your upper leg, try bending over and touching your toes.
You can do this while sitting or standing. Relax into each stretch and hold for five to ten seconds. If your pain worsens, you should stop stretching.
When To See The Doctor
Leg pain can be caused by a variety of factors, and the symptoms frequently overlap. The individual should consult a doctor if the symptoms persist, worsen, or make living difficult.
A differential diagnosis technique can assist rule out unsuitable explanations, limit down the options, and give prompt treatment.