Hernias occur when there is a protrusion of the peritoneum through an opening, usually at a site of weakness. The contents of the hernial sac may be incarcerated or strangulated and may cause pain to the individual. Although a hernia frequently presents with just a swelling, complicated types could present with tenderness, erythema, and fever.
There are various types of hernias including diaphragmatic, inguinal, and femoral hernias. However, for the purpose of medical education and in honor of some of our older names in medicine, we shall take a look at some of the eponymous hernias in medicine
- Amyand’s hernia: This is when a hernial sac consists of the appendix.
- Berclard’s hernia: This is a femoral hernia through the saphenous opening
- Berger’s hernia: This is used to refer to a hernia in the pouch of Douglas
- Bochdalek’s hernia: This is a posterior diaphragmatic hernia
- Cooper’s hernia: Used to refer to a femoral hernia that has two sacs
- Gibbon’s hernia: This refers to a hernia with a hydrocele
- Grynfeltt’s hernia: A hernia in the superior lumbar triangle
- Larrey’s hernia: Another name for Morgagni’s hernia
- Laugier’s hernia: This is a femoral hernia through a gap in the inguinal ligament.
- Littre’s hernia: This is a hernia that contains Meckel’s diverticulum
- Petit’s hernia: A hernia in the inferior lumbar triangle
- Maydl’s hernia: A hernia that contains two loops of bowel
- Morgagni’s hernia: An anterior diaphragmatic hernia
- Pantaloon’s hernia: This is a combined direct and indirect inguinal hernia
- Richter’s hernia: This is a hernia in which only one side of the bowel wall is strangulated
- Spigelian hernia: This is a hernia through the lateral aspect of the rectus abdominis.
- Hernia of Trietz: This is a paraduodenal hernia.