Alopecia, or hair loss, is quite frequent. It can be caused by a variety of factors. Hair loss is classified into two types:
- Scarring, which leads to irreversible hair follicle damage.
- Non-scarring means that the hair follicles are not damaged.
The majority of hair loss is not permanent. Pattern baldness and telogen effluvium, or excessive hair shedding, are two examples.
Pattern baldness, also known as androgenetic alopecia, is the most common cause of hair loss in both men and women. Pattern baldness is influenced by both hereditary (family) and hormonal factors.
Excessive hair shedding is another common cause of hair loss. A significant illness, surgery, sudden weight loss, nutritional inadequacy, thyroid disorders, stress, and certain drugs are all common causes.
What are the causes of hair loss?
- Pharmaceuticals, vitamins, or minerals: medications for high blood pressure, heart disease, depression, or gout; chemotherapy or radiation therapy for cancer patients; and, in some situations, unusually high vitamin A levels or low iron or protein levels. Birth control medications can cause hair loss in women.
- Thyroid disease and severe infection are examples of illnesses that can cause baldness.
- Psoriasis, seborrheic dermatitis, and folliculitis are all disorders that affect the scalp.
- Trauma, such as traction alopecia (hair follicle trauma caused by particular hairstyles) and trichotillomania (repetitive tugging and breaking of one’s own hair).
What are the ways to treat hair loss?
- Identifying and treating the root of the problem.
- The FDA has approved minoxidil (Rogaine®) for the treatment of male and female pattern baldness. Minoxidil is a topical solution that is put directly onto the scalp to promote hair growth. It is available without a prescription and is available over-the-counter.
- The FDA has approved finasteride (Propecia®) for the treatment of male pattern baldness. Finasteride has not been approved for the treatment of female pattern baldness. Finasteride, like all prescription medications, should be administered under the supervision of a doctor.
- Hair transplantation or hair replacement surgery are two different procedures. Hair restoration surgery is a cosmetic technique that comprises micrografting, slit grafting, punch grafting, and scalp reduction, among other procedures.
Which hair replacement techniques are best depends on the type of hair loss, as well as the patient’s circumstances and desires.