Hair loss (alopecia) can be temporary or permanent, and it can affect only your scalp or your entire body. It could be due to inheritance, hormonal changes, medical issues, or simply age. Men are more likely than women to lose the hair on their heads.
Hair loss from the scalp is commonly referred to as baldness. The most common cause of baldness is hereditary hair loss with age. Some people would rather let their hair loss go unchecked and unnoticed. Hairstyles, makeup, hats, and scarves can all be used to hide it. Others opt for one of the hair loss prevention or restoration therapies available.
Risk Factors for a Hair Loss
- A family history of balding on your mother’s or father’s side
- Significant weight loss
- Certain medical conditions, such as diabetes and lupus
- Poor nutrition
Causes of Hair Loss
On average, people lose 50 to 100 hairs per day. Because new hair grows at the same time, this is usually undetectable. Hair loss happens when the hair that has fallen out is not replaced by new hair.
One or more of the following factors are commonly linked to hair loss:
1. Heredity or Genetics
An inherited disorder that occurs with age is the most common cause of hair loss. Androgenic alopecia, often known as male-pattern baldness or female-pattern baldness, is a hair loss condition that affects both men and women. A receding hairline and bald spots in men, and thinning hair along the crown of the scalp in women, are the most common symptoms.
2. Head Radiation
Radiation therapy to the head region is one of the most common causes of hair loss which may be permanent
Certain medications, such as those used to treat cancer, arthritis, depression, heart disease, gout, and high blood pressure, can cause hair loss as a side effect.
After physical or mental stress, many people notice a general thinning of their hair several months later. This is a transient hair loss.
5. Hair Styling and Patterns
Excessive hairstyling or hairstyles that pull your hair tight, such as pigtails or cornrows, can lead to traction alopecia, a kind of hair loss. Hair loss can also be caused by hot-oil hair treatments and permanents. Hair loss could be permanent if scarring develops.
6. Hormonal Changes and Diseases
Hormonal changes caused by pregnancy, childbirth, menopause, and thyroid disorders are just a few of the factors that can cause permanent or temporary hair loss.
Alopecia areata is an immune system disorder that causes patchy hair loss, as well as scalp infections like ringworm and trichotillomania, a hair-pulling disorder.
The treatment for hair loss depends on the causes and as such, the cause should be well-identified.
Home remedies for the treatment of hair loss may include;
- Experiment with different hair care techniques to see which ones make you feel better about your appearance.
- Use volumizing products, color your hair, and style your hair in a way that conceals a widening part.
- Shave your head or use wigs or extensions.
- Consult a hairstylist.
Other treatment plans may include;
- 1. Hair transplant surgery
- 2. Laser therapy