The need to urinate more frequently than is normal for you is referred to as frequent urination. You may be passing more or less pee than normal. It can occur at any time of day or night, or it can be noticeable just at night (nocturia).
It can have a negative impact on your sleep, job, and overall health.
Causes of Frequent Urination
At certain stages in your life, such as during pregnancy, you may require more frequent urination. This is a common symptom of certain conditions, such as pregnancy, and it normally resolves after birth. However, it can be associated with other health problems that are not part of everyday living and do not resolve on their own.
It may be a sign of more serious illnesses such as diabetes, overactive bladder syndrome, urinary tract infections, or prostate issues. Causes of frequent urination include:
- Kidney infection (pyelonephritis)
- Diuretics (water retention relievers)
- Interstitial cystitis (also called painful bladder syndrome)
- Urethral stricture (narrowing of the urethra)
- Type 1 diabetes
- Type 2 diabetes
- Radiation treatment affecting the pelvis or lower abdomen
- Diabetes insipidus
- Bladder stones
- Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH)
- Urinary tract infection (UTI)
- Excess consumption of total fluids, alcohol, or caffeine
- Change in kidney function
- Prostatitis (infection or inflammation of the prostate)
- Urinary incontinence
- Anxiety disorders
- Anterior prolapse (cystocele)
- Overactive bladder
Associated Symptoms of Frequent Urination
Depending on the underlying cause, people with frequent urination may also experience:
- dribbling after urinating
- abdominal pain
- urinary incontinence
- nocturia, or frequent urination at night
- painful urination
Treatment of Frequent Urination
Treatment is determined by the underlying cause. Your doctor will first address any underlying cause. If an infection is the source of the problem, your doctor will prescribe medications to eradicate the illness.
Medications that relax the bladder’s muscle spasms can aid in the reduction of urine incontinence, or loss of bladder control. Your doctor may recommend pelvic exercises such as Kegels or bladder retraining exercises to assist in delaying urination.