The foot is a complex system of bones, ligaments, tendons, and muscles. While the foot is strong enough to support your body weight, it is prone to injury and pain. Foot pain can occur in any area of the foot, from the toes to the Achilles tendon at the back of the heel.
While mild it frequently responds nicely to home remedies, it can be a long process to resolve. Your doctor should assess significant foot pain, particularly if it occurs as a result of an injury.
Causes of Foot Pain
One of the most common causes of foot pain is wearing shoes that are too small. Wearing high-heeled shoes frequently results in foot pain due to the excessive pressure placed on the toes.
It can also occur if you sustain an injury while participating in high-impact exercise or sports activities such as jogging or strenuous aerobics.
It can be caused by injury, overuse, or conditions that produce inflammation in any of the bones, ligaments, or tendons in the foot. Foot pain is frequently caused by arthritis. Injuries to the nerves of the feet can result in excruciating scorching pain, numbness, or tingling (peripheral neuropathy).
Medical conditions closely associated with pain in foot include:
- Achilles tendinitis
- Achilles tendon rupture
- Avulsion fracture
- Bone spurs
- Broken foot
- Broken toe
- Bursitis (joint inflammation)
- Corns and calluses
- Diabetic neuropathy (nerve damage caused by diabetes)
- Gout (arthritis related to excess uric acid)
- Haglund’s deformity
- Hammertoe and mallet toe
- High heels or poorly fitting shoes
- Ingrown toenails
- Morton’s neuroma
- Osteomyelitis (a bone infection)
- Paget’s disease of bone
- Peripheral neuropathy
- Plantar fasciitis
- Plantar warts
- Psoriatic arthritis
- Raynaud’s disease
- Reactive arthritis
- Retrocalcaneal bursitis
- Rheumatoid arthritis (inflammatory joint disease)
- Septic arthritis
- Stress fractures
- Tarsal tunnel syndrome
Home Remedies for Foot Pain
Home remedies depend on the pain you’re experiencing and its cause. However, following these tips may help relieve your discomfort:
- Apply ice to the affected area.
- Take an over-the-counter (OTC) pain reliever.
- Use foot pads to prevent rubbing on the affected area.
- Elevate the foot that’s causing you to have pain.
- Rest your foot as much as possible.
When To See The Doctor
See a doctor as soon as possible in the following situations:
- Your pain came on suddenly and is severe.
- Your foot pain is due to a recent injury.
- You can’t place any weight on your foot after an injury.
- You have a medical condition that interferes with blood flow, and you experience foot pain.
- The area that’s causing you pain has an open wound.
- The area that’s causing you pain is red or has other symptoms of inflammation.
- You have a fever in addition to foot pain.
Prevention of Foot Pain
- Choose comfortable, roomy, and well-cushioned shoes.
- Avoid shoes with high heels and narrow toe areas.
- Maintain a healthy weight.
- Stretch before engaging in vigorous exercise.
- Practice good foot hygiene.
- Always wear footwear when you’re outdoors to protect your feet.