Flatulence is a medical word that refers to the process through which gas is expelled from the digestive system via the anus. It is a natural process that occurs when gas accumulates inside the digestive tract.
Gas is gathered in two primary ways. Swallowing air while eating or drinking might result in the accumulation of oxygen and nitrogen in the digestive tract. Second, while food is being digested, digestive gases such as hydrogen, methane, and carbon dioxide accumulate. Both ways can result in flatulence.
Some foods that increase gas include beans, cabbage, broccoli, raisins, lentils, prunes, apples, and food high in fructose or sorbitol such as fruit juices.
Causes of Excessive Flatulence
Potential conditions underlying excessive flatulence range from temporary conditions to digestive problems. Some of these conditions include:
- food intolerances, such as lactose intolerance
- irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)
- Crohn’s disease
- celiac disease
- eating disorders
- ulcerative colitis
- dumping syndrome
- gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)
- autoimmune pancreatitis
- peptic ulcers
When To See The Doctor
Flatulence is rarely indicative of a serious disease on its own. While it may cause discomfort and humiliation, it is typically a sign of a healthy digestive system. If you’re disturbed by intestinal gas, you might want to try a different diet.
Consult with your doctor, however, if your gas is severe or persistent, or if it is accompanied by vomiting, diarrhea, constipation, unexpected weight loss, blood in the stool, or heartburn.
Excessive Flatulence Remedies
To treat flatulence at home, try the following:
- Look at your diet. If it contains a large amount of carbohydrates that are difficult to digest, try to replace them. Carbohydrates that are easier to digest, such as potatoes, rice, and bananas, are good substitutes.
- Keep a food diary. This will help you to identify any triggers. After you identify some foods that cause you excessive flatulence, you can learn to avoid them or to eat less of them.
- Eat less more. Try to eat around five to six small meals a day instead of three larger ones to help your digestive process.
- Chew properly. Avoid doing anything that may increase the amount of air that you swallow. This includes making sure that you’re chewing your food properly, and avoiding chewing gum or smoking.
- Exercise. Some people find that exercising helps to promote digestion and can prevent flatulence.
If lifestyle and dietary changes alone are insufficient to reduce flatulence, over-the-counter (OTC) drugs may be beneficial.
Tablets of charcoal are accessible in pharmacies and online. Charcoal absorbs gas in the gut and alleviates flatulence symptoms.
Anyone who is currently taking medication should consult their physician first, as charcoal may absorb some of the active substances. Not all health practitioners prescribe charcoal due to the lack of evidence for its benefits.
Other over-the-counter medications include Beano, a substance that aids in the breakdown of complex carbohydrates. It may be beneficial following the consumption of beans.