Eye twitching is typically mild and resolves on its own after a few seconds or minutes. Generally, it is not indicative of a more serious underlying condition. However, there are a few measures that individuals can do to stop it.
Mild eyelid twitching, called myokymia, is common. It has been linked to stress, fatigue, and caffeine intake. Reduce the factors that contribute to eyelid twitching and you may be able to decrease the frequency with which it happens.
Types & Causes of Eye Twitching
A nervous system disorder that results in excessive blinking and involuntary shutting of both eyelids. Blepharospasm is occasionally associated with a dysfunction in the basal ganglia, which can be inherited.
Blepharospasm has been related to the following underlying conditions:
- Parkinson’s disease
- multiple sclerosis
- Tourette’s syndrome
- Bell’s palsy
This disorder results in muscle contractions on one side of the face, including the eyelids. Hemifacial spasm is thought to be induced by facial nerve irritation.
Causes of hemifacial spasm include:
- traumatic injury
- brain lesions
- Bell’s palsy
- mastoid or ear infections
- other structural abnormalities in the rear of the skull cavity
Another condition that usually involves one eye and is less forceful than blepharospasm.
Eye twitches may also occur as a result of the following:
- eye irritation
- eyelid strain
- lack of sleep
- physical exertion
- medication side effects
- use of alcohol, tobacco, or caffeine
When To See The Doctor
Eye twitching usually goes away on its own within a few days or weeks with rest, stress relief, and decreased caffeine. See a doctor if eye twitching is associated with the following:
- Red eyes
- Discharge from the eye
- Decrease in the quality of your vision
Treatment of Eye Twitching
eyelid spasms resolve spontaneously within a few days or weeks. If they persist, you can attempt to eliminate or mitigate potential causes. Stress, weariness, and coffee are the most prevalent reasons for eyelid twitching.
You might wish to try the following to alleviate eye twitching:
- Drink less caffeine.
- Get adequate sleep.
- Keep your eye surfaces lubricated with over-the-counter artificial tears or eye drops.
- Apply a warm compress to your eyes when a spasm begins.
If you decide to seek medical attention, available treatments include the use of eye drops to prevent your eyes from drying out or botulinum toxin (Botox®) injections to weaken the twitching muscles. Pill-based medications are available, however, they are not always effective.
If your problem is serious and alternative treatments do not work, your doctor may determine that you require surgery. The most often used surgical procedure is a myectomy, which involves the removal of muscle segments.