Pain in the heels may be caused by many things. However, the two most common causes of heel pain are plantar fasciitis and Achilles tendinitis.
Plantar fasciitis is the inflammation of the plantar fascia (a connective tissue sheath that underlies your feet). When this tissue is inflamed, you may feel pain in your heel region which is usually worse in the morning on waking up, worse with activities like walking, running, and jumping, and relieved by resting.
Achilles tendinitis is caused by an injury to the Achilles’ tendon which is a sheath that connects the calf muscles to the heel bone. It is most common in runners and people who play sports.
Other causes of heel pain include:
- Achilles tendon rupture
- Bone tumor
- Bursitis (joint inflammation)
- Haglund’s deformity
- Heel spur
- Osteomyelitis (a bone infection)
- Paget’s disease of bone
- Peripheral neuropathy
- Reactive arthritis
- Retrocalcaneal bursitis
- Rheumatoid arthritis (inflammatory joint disease)
- Sarcoidosis (collections of inflammatory cells in the body)
- Stress fractures
- Tarsal tunnel syndrome
It is important to report to your doctor when heel pain impedes daily activity, becomes more severe, or has lasted over a long period of time.