When a gum bleeds, the most common reason is due to gum disease. However, bleeding gums may also indicate other health issues.
In fact, gum bleeding can occur as a result of brushing your teeth too hard or wearing dentures that don’t fit properly.
Causes of Gum Bleeding
Gingivitis is a condition that occurs when plaque remains on the gum line for an extended period of time. The dirt and bacteria that adhere to your teeth are referred to as plaque.
Plaque is removed by brushing your teeth, which might help you avoid cavities (dental caries). If you don’t brush and floss properly, plaque may remain on your gum line.
If plaque isn’t removed, it can harden into tartar (calculus), which can lead to further bleeding. Gingivitis can also be caused by plaque buildup near your gums.
When gingivitis progresses, periodontal disease (periodontitis) might develop. Periodontal disease is an infection of the gums, jawbone, and tissues that support your teeth and gums. Your teeth may loosen or fall out as a result of periodontitis.
3. Vitamin Deficiency
Gum bleeding can also be caused by vitamin C and vitamin K deficiency.
If you experience bleeding gums that aren’t caused by poor dental hygiene, ask your doctor to check your vitamin C and K levels. Also, eat a diet rich in both nutrients to ensure that you obtain the vitamins you require to stay healthy.
4. Poorly-fitted dentures
Denture wearers may also experience bleeding gums from time to time. When dentures are overly tight, this is more likely to happen.
If your gums are bleeding due to dentures or other oral appliances, see your dentist or orthodontist. To make a better-fitting mouthpiece, they may need to take new impressions.
Gum bleeding is a typical side effect of pregnancy. The gums can become more sensitive as a result of hormonal changes that occur during pregnancy.
7. Other causes
Gum bleeding can be exacerbated by bleeding disorders such as hemophilia and leukemia. If you take blood thinners, your gums may bleed more frequently. Warfarin, aspirin, and heparin are examples of this class of drugs.
Treatment of Bleeding Gums
The first step in treating bleeding gums is to maintain good oral hygiene.
Professional cleanings should be done twice a year at your dentist. If you have gingivitis, your dentist will tell you and show you how to wash your teeth properly. Brushing and flossing properly can help remove plaque from your gum line and lower your risk of periodontal disease.
Your dentist may also demonstrate how to use an antibacterial mouthwash to reduce plaque formation. A warm salt water rinse might also help to ease swollen, bleeding gums.
Brush your teeth with a gentle toothbrush. It’ll be mild on swollen gums, especially if you’re prone to bleeding after brushing. Bristles with medium and hard bristles may be too abrasive for your gums.