Any sort of pain or discomfort in the ankles is referred to as ankle pain. An injury, such as a sprain, or a medical condition, such as arthritis, could be the source of your discomfort. An ankle sprain is the most prevalent cause of ankle discomfort, accounting for 85 percent of all ankle injuries, according to the National University of Health Sciences (NUHS).
The most common type of ankle sprain is a lateral sprain, which happens when your foot rolls and twists your outside ankle toward the ground. Ligaments are strained or torn as a result of this activity.
Mild ankle pain often responds well to home treatments, but it can take a long time to resolve. Severe ankle pain should be treated by a doctor, especially if it occurs after an injury.
Inflammation or injury to any of the components in the ankle, including the bones, joint space, cartilage, ligaments, tendons, or muscles, can cause pain. Ankle pain can be accompanied by additional symptoms including as:
- numbness or tingling,
- burning pain,
- ankle swelling,
- redness, and
- inability to bear weight on the affected ankle
Causes of Ankle Pain
Ankle pain can be caused by injury to any of the ankle bones, ligaments, or tendons, as well as numerous types of arthritis. It can be caused by a variety of factors, including:
- Broken foot
- Sprained ankle
- Stress fractures
- Rheumatoid arthritis (inflammatory joint disease)
- Achilles tendinitis
- Bursitis (joint inflammation)
- Plantar fasciitis
- Psoriatic arthritis
- Achilles tendon rupture
- Avulsion fracture
- Septic arthritis
- Osteoarthritis (disease-causing the breakdown of joints)
- Gout (arthritis related to excess uric acid)
- Tarsal tunnel syndrome
- Reactive arthritis
When To See The Doctor
While most ankle sprains heal with some TLC and at-home care, it’s crucial to recognize when the injury has progressed beyond that point.
Those who have severe swelling or bruising, as well as the inability to put weight or pressure on the affected area without experiencing significant pain, should seek medical advice.
If there hasn’t been any improvement after the first few days, another general rule is to seek medical attention.
Treatment of Ankle Pain
If lifestyle changes and over-the-counter pain relievers aren’t working, it’s time to explore other options.
An orthopedic shoe insert or foot or ankle brace is an excellent nonsurgical technique to straighten your joints and relieve pain. Inserts, which come in a variety of sizes and stiffnesses, support various regions of the foot and shift body weight, reducing pain.
In a similar way, an ankle brace can help. Different sizes and amounts of support are offered for these braces. Some can be worn with conventional shoes, while others are more comprehensive, resembling a cast that covers the ankle and foot.
While a few variations may be available at your local drugstore or pharmacy, it is best to consult with a doctor to ensure that you are correctly fitted.
To treat pain and inflammation, steroid injections may be utilized. Corticosteroid injections relieve swelling, stiffness, and discomfort in the affected area.
The majority of injections take only a few minutes and provide relief within a few hours, with the effects lasting between three and six months. The best aspect is that this is a noninvasive, nonsurgical technique that allows you to go home and rest the same day.