Home Drugs Albuterol – Drug Uses, Side Effects and Precautions

Albuterol – Drug Uses, Side Effects and Precautions

Albuterol metered aerosol is an FDA-approved type of inhaler used to relax the muscles of the respiratory tract and increase the flow of air into the lungs.

It is used to treat bronchospasm in adults and children with asthma or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).

Generic name: albuterol inhalation
Brand Names: ProAir HFA, ProAir RespiClick, Proventil HFA, Ventolin HFA, AccuNeb


Uses of Albuterol

It is used to:

Albuterol metered aerosol is for adults and children over the age of four. When providing albuterol to a child, always follow your doctor’s instructions.

How Albuterol Is Used

Follow your doctor’s instructions when using albuterol inhalation. Do not take albuterol inhalation in higher or lower doses or for longer than the manufacturer recommends.

Read all of the patient information, prescription guidelines, and instruction sheets that you’ve been given. If you have any concerns, speak with your doctor or pharmacist.

Before using your albuterol inhaler for the first time, you may need to prime it. If priming is required, instructions are sent with your prescription. It’s also possible that you’ll need to shake your albuterol gadget before each use.

It’s critical to keep your inhaler clean so that you get the medication you need. At least once a week, clean the plastic actuator with the canister removed. Your medicament will come with instructions on how to clean your device correctly.

Carefully follow all medication recommendations. Allowing a young child to utilize albuterol inhalation without adult supervision is not recommended.

Two inhalations every 4 to 6 hours is the standard dose. Use two inhalations 15 to 30 minutes before exercising to prevent exercise-induced bronchospasm. Albuterol inhalation should have a four to six-hour effect.

If your asthma treatments aren’t functioning as effectively as they used to, see a doctor. An increase in medicine usage could be a precursor to a significant asthma attack.

Use the dose counter on your albuterol inhaler device to make sure you don’t run out of medicine before it’s too late. Use the new inhaler device that came with your refill at all times. To check if a medicine canister is empty, do not float it in water.

Before each usage, shake ProAir HFA, Proventil HFA, or Ventolin HFA. ProAir RespiClick does not need to be shaken before use.

Clean your albuterol inhaler device and mouthpiece according to the manufacturer’s instructions. Do not attempt to clean or disassemble the ProAir RespiClick inhaler.

Asthma is frequently treated with a cocktail of medications. Follow your doctor’s instructions for all medications. Each drug comes with a medication guide or patient instructions. Do not alter your drug doses or regimen without consulting your doctor.

Keep it at room temperature away from moisture, heat, and cold.

Keep the albuterol canister away from open flames and intense temperatures, such as in a heated automobile. If the canister becomes too heated, it may explode. An empty inhaler canister should not be punctured or burned.

Side Effects

The following side effects can be associated with taking Albuterol. They include mild and severe side effects.

Consult your doctor or pharmacist for further information on Albuterol’s potential adverse effects. They can provide you with advice on how to deal with any unpleasant side effects.

Mild side effects include:

  • shakiness
  • dizziness
  • nervousness
  • coughing up mucus
  • rhinitis
  • headache
  • chest pain
  • sore throat

Severe side effects include:

  • Peripheral neuropathy
  • Respiratory distress
  • High blood sugar level
  • Blood disorders
  • Liver damage
  • Serious skin reactions
  • Pancreatitis
  • Progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML)
  • Anaphylaxis


Albuterol should always be kept on hand. Before you run out of medication, get your prescription refilled. Follow your doctor’s instructions for all of your other drugs.

If any of your asthma drugs aren’t treating or preventing episodes as well as they used to, talk to your doctor. Speak with your doctor if you think you’ll need to take extra of any of your medications in a 24-hour period. Increased medicine usage could be a symptom of a major asthma attack.

Albuterol should only be used as directed by a doctor. An overdose of albuterol can be fatal. Call 1-800-222-1222 for Poison Help or seek emergency medical treatment.


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