Afrezza is an FDA-approved medication used to control blood sugar levels in adults with diabetes. It contains an active ingredient called human insulin, a fast-acting insulin.
It has a boxed warning from the FDA as it has the potential to cause acute bronchospasm in individuals with asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD),
Generic Name: insulin human
Dosage Form: inhalation powder
How To Take Afrezza
Follow your doctor’s or healthcare provider’s recommendations when taking Afrezza.
Afrezza is a powder that you inhale using an inhaler through your mouth. Before you take your first dose, your doctor or pharmacist should show you how to use it. The producer of Afrezza, MannKind Corporation, also offers a video to show you how to use it.
Before you begin your meal, double-check that you have the correct amount of Afrezza cartridges for your dose. Make sure the cartridge has been at room temperature for at least 10 minutes before inserting it into the inhaler.
It should be used at the start of your meal (usually three meals per day). If you fail to take your medication before eating, your blood sugar levels may rise as a result of the food. Remember to take Afrezza as soon as possible. The dosage will be determined by your blood sugar level.
Set a reminder on your phone to help you remember not to skip a dosage. A medicine timer may also be beneficial.
The following side effects can be associated with taking Afrezza. They include mild and severe side effects.
Consult your doctor or pharmacist for further information on potential adverse effects. They can provide you with advice on how to deal with any unpleasant side effects.
Mild side effects include:
Severe side effects include:
- acute bronchospasm
- respiratory difficulty
- allergic reaction
- diabetic ketoacidosis
- muscle pain or cramping
- severe hypoglycemia
- low potassium level
Severe side effects are uncommon, but they can happen. If you experience any major side effects, contact your doctor at once. If your symptoms are life-threatening or you believe you’re having a medical emergency, dial 911 or your local emergency number.
Do not use Afrezza if you have chronic lung problems such as asthma or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Before starting this medicine, your healthcare provider will give you a breathing test to check how your lungs are working.